Phyllium bioculatum "pulchrifolium"

Origin -
Java, Indonesia

Food -
bramble, oak, guava, salal (Gautheria shallon)

Adult size -
Females about 9-10 cm, males about 6 to 7.5 cm

Terrarium -
Well ventilated, put in a bright place with plenty of indirect sunlight.
Paper or other soil substrate may be kept moist.

Incubation time eggs -
5 to 7 months (sometimes longer)

Experience with this species -
These are certainly not the easiest leaf insects. With one, everything goes well, the other fails. The nymphs are bright red, and have to roll out their side flaps after hatching. Once they are "unrolled", they will hang around to dry and then start running about non-stop for days. Hopefully, they also start to eat from the food plants. This species is best kept on a strict diet of salal (Gaultheria shallon),

Which you can just buy at the flower shop or a garden centre. Always choose the best looking, bright green leaves. Usually these leaves have not been treated with chemicals, but be careful with leaves that show many brown spots, they are no longer suitable as food for this species. It seems that this species has a very difficult time with changes, as well as food and environmental conditions (light, humidity and temperature).

Males mature much more quickly and live only a few weeks up to a month or three. It is therefore advisable to keep them separate under cooler conditions to slow down their growth a bit. You can also incubate some of the eggs colder so that some of the eggs hatch later. Within a month or 4 after hatching, the first males are already mature, where the much larger females will be needing a month or 6-7.

Just a few weeks after the last moulting she is ready to be fertilized, and is then approached by the males.

Initially eggs are sparsely laid, 2 eggs per week per female (approximately), after a while egg laying increases, about 10 eggs per female / week. (info Tim Van Molle)

Adult males remain green for a while, until they start to turn yellow / orange after a few days.

Females are very variable in color. Yellow, orange, green in different shades, yellow with red veins or patches.

Beautiful and relatively docile species !!

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